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Graphene : An Amazing Material that Leads to Future

Graphene : An Amazing Material that Leads to Future

Due to its widespread usage, graphene is probably known to most individuals. For instance, the concept of graphene frequently appears in the stock market, catching interest of investors. Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov of the University of Manchester were given the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics for their ground-breaking research on the two-dimensional material graphene. However, the majority of people are unaware of what graphene is and its unique properties. This article will provide a detailed introduction to graphene, a novel substance with enormous potential.

Figure : Graphene

            The definition of graphite must be given before discussing graphene. Allotrope is a scientific term used to describe graphite. It is comparable to a honeycomb, to be more precise. Many small hexagonal lattices make up a honeycomb, and graphite is made of carbon atoms arranged in small hexagonal lattices.

            Layers can be distinguished in the honeycomb structure of graphite, and graphene, an allotrope of carbon in the form of a two-dimensional, atomic-scale honey-comb lattice with one atom forming each vertex, can be separated into layers. Due to its one atom thickness, graphene is an incredibly thin substance. One million sheets of graphene can have a thickness that is roughly equal to the diameter of a hair, which has an average diameter of about 0.1 mm.

            However, graphene has additional properties besides thinness. Firstly, it should be noted that graphene has good light transmission due to its thinness. With the naked eye, it appears to be practically translucent. Secondly, graphene is very flexible and can be stretched to considerable lengths. Additionally, graphene has excellent electrical and thermal conductivity along with good elasticity and firmness.

            So what are its applications? Let’s try to picture it. We’ll be driving down a strange path in the future. Now that navigation is required, all you have to do is tap the windscreen with your hands, and a transparent navigation map appears. When a work email arrives at the same moment, we just blink, causing the contact lenses to show the email’s content. The future that graphene will bring about is real, not just a fiction. Since graphene is transparent and thin, it can be used to create future computer displays by being incorporated into contact lenses and car windscreens. Furthermore, the production of spacecraft can benefit from its strong and flexible properties. A qualitative improvement in future computer operations’ speed will be made possible by its good electrical conductivity.

            Although graphene research is still in its early stages overall, many fields are expected to benefit greatly from this substance in the future. Different layers and sizes of graphene and graphene oxide, which are known for their mechanical and thermal properties, are offered by CD Bioparticles. These materials are used in a variety of applications, including advanced composite materials, batteries, solar cells, supercapacitors, catalysts, biosensors, drug delivery, and many more.

 

Rohit Singh

Department of physics,

Patna Women’s College (Autonomous),

Patna University, Patna – 800001, Bihar, India

E-mail ID : rohit.phy@patnawomenscollege.in