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Normative orientation of Indian education

Normative orientation of Indian education

The normative orientation of Indian education is a term that refers to the values, beliefs, and cultural traditions that guide the goals, curriculum, and methods of education in India. This approach emphasises the importance of traditional cultural and moral values in shaping the character of students and preparing them for their roles as responsible members of society.

Historically, Indian education has been characterised by a strong emphasis on spirituality, moral values, and the cultivation of virtues like honesty, integrity, and compassion. This approach has been influenced by India’s religious and philosophical traditions, such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism, which have emphasised the importance of ethical and spiritual development alongside intellectual and academic learning.

In practical terms, the normative orientation of Indian education means that students are expected to learn not just academic subjects like mathematics, science, and language but also to develop a sense of moral and spiritual values. This is often achieved through the inclusion of subjects like ethics, morality, and spirituality in the curriculum alongside traditional academic subjects.

For example, Indian schools may teach students about the principles of non-violence and respect for all living beings, which are central to the Jain and Buddhist traditions. They may also teach students about the importance of compassion, generosity, and gratitude, which are valued in many Indian cultural traditions.

In addition to moral and spiritual education, the normative orientation of Indian education also emphasises the importance of discipline, respect for authority, and the cultivation of self-control and self-discipline. This is often achieved through the use of strict rules and regulations, such as dress codes, curfews, and mandatory attendance policies.

While this approach to education has its roots in India’s cultural and religious traditions, it has also been influenced by modern educational theories and practices. For example, many Indian schools have adopted a more student-centred approach to learning, which emphasises active engagement, critical thinking, and problem-solving skills.

However, the normative orientation of Indian education remains an important aspect of the country’s educational system. This is because it reflects the belief that education should not just be about imparting knowledge and skills but also about shaping the character of students and preparing them for their roles as responsible members of society.

Overall, the normative orientation of Indian education seeks to cultivate a holistic approach to learning that integrates intellectual, moral, and spiritual development with the goal of producing well-rounded individuals who can contribute positively to society. This approach reflects the belief that education should not just be about acquiring knowledge and skills but also about developing a sense of moral responsibility, social awareness, and spiritual insight.

 

Dr Prabhas Ranjan

Asst. Professor,

Department of Education,

PWC

prabhas.pwc(at)patnawomenscollege(dot)in