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Adaptations in plant

Adaptations in plant

Adaptations are special features that allow a plant or an animal to live in a particular place or habitat. These adaptations might make it very difficult for the plant to survive in a different place. for example, the see weeds   is a plant adapted for   underwater and a cactus is the plant adapted for the desert. Therefore, it is the condition of the habitat that leads to adaptive features in plants. There are three types of adaptations, the structural adaptations, behavioural adaptations and physiological adaptations. The structural adaptation is a physical feature that an organism has evolved in order to survive. The behavioural adaptation in which Plant does something   to improve for survival. Example of this is a plant that grows towards the sun or close their leaves during hot times in the day. The third type of adaptation is the physiological adaptations. These are something that happens within, to change the chemical processes going on inside itself in plants. Example of this is presence of photosynthetic pigments in the stem when there are no leaves. physiological adaptation is seen in plants is the creation of poison for defence so that it is not consumed by predator. There are multiple ways a plant can adapt more specifically to their environment. The plant adaptation depends on the type of environment they live in, the nutrient supply available to them, and the protection the plant needs against predators. Plant living in water are called hydrophytes, plants living in arid conditions are called xerophytes and the plants that live in air perched upon other tall trees are called epiphytes. Aquatic plants are able to survive in water due to a variety of adaptations like having broads leaves that float on the surface of water to gain maximum sunlight. The xerophytes have well developed root system to absorb maximum water. Their organs are modified into structure that store water or can check loss of water. The epiphytes do not have roots in the soil; therefore, the aerial roots have velamen tissues that can absorb water and moisture from the surrounding. These adaptations give the plants some advantage over other organisms in with the resources it needs to live.

Author Name: Dr. Urvashi Sinha

Department : Botany, 

Email: Urvashi.bot@patanawomenscollege.in